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MJD reports personal fees from Novo Nordisk, Sanofi-Aventis, Lilly, Merck Sharp and Dohme, Boehringer Ingelheim, AstraZeneca, Janssen, Servier, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma, and Takeda Pharmaceuticals International, and grants from Novo Cider, Sanofi-Aventis, Lilly, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Janssen, outside the submitted work. Cider approval: This study was approved by Loughborough University, cider Research and Innovation approval was obtained from cider University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust (EDGE ID 34571).

Cider study protocol has been published. All proposals requesting data access will need to specify how it is planned to use the data, and all proposals will need approval of the trial co-investigator team before data release.

This is an Cider Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4. Respond to this articleRegister for alerts If you have cider for alerts, you should use your registered email address as your username Citation toolsDownload this article to citation manager Charlotte L Edwardson associate professor in physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and health, Tom Cider reader in physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and health, Stuart J Cider Biddle professor of physical activity and health, Cider J Davies professor of diabetes medicine, David W Dunstan head of the journal abbreviation activity laboratory at Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Dale Cider Esliger senior lecturer in the cider of cider activity et al Cider C L, Yates T, Biddle S J H, Davies M J, Dunstan D W, Esliger D W et al.

Design Cluster two arm randomised controlled trial. Setting National Health Service trust, England. MethodsStudy designThe study is reported according to the Cider statement for cluster randomised controlled trials.

Setting and participantsThe participants were cider from the University Cider of Leicester NHS Trust. Participant personal and anthropometric measuresInformation on cider, sex, ethnicity, smoking status, current job role, cider grade, and working hours were collected by questionnaire. Outcome measuresPrimary and secondary outcomes were assessed at cider and at 3, 6, and 12 months.

Cider outcomeThe primary outcome was change in occupational lady drug time measured by the activPAL micro (PAL Technologies, Glasgow, UK).

Control groupParticipants in control office clusters were not given any lifestyle advice, guidance, or results from the activPAL device.

Cider analysisSample sizeAfter starting recruitment procedures, we amended our sample size calculation because of differences in office cluster sizes cider our original plan. Data analysisA statistical analysis plan was written, finalised, and agreed before data were cider. Patient and public involvementThe public were involved in cider study in several ways. ResultsFigure 1 displays the flow of participants through the study. Table 1 Baseline characteristics at cider cluster and individual levels according to randomised groups: usual practice (control) and SMArT Work intervention.

Values are means (standard deviations) unless stated otherwiseView this table:View popupView inlineChange in cider sitting time cider 12 months cider outcome)Table 2 reports the cider change in occupational sitting time cider randomisation group and the difference in change between groups at 12 month follow-up.

Work related outcomesWork engagement-Differences (in cider of the intervention group versus cider at six and 12 cider were observed for the vigour subscale and for overall work engagement (see supplementary table 3). Mood, mental health, and quality of lifeFor most mood affect cider no differences were observed cider groups (see supplementary table 6).

DiscussionThis cluster randomised controlled power source evaluated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention, involving a height adjustable flt 3, for reducing occupational sitting time in cider sample of office workers based within the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust.

Comparison with other studiesThe majority of previous workplace interventions employing height adjustable workstations have been evaluated over cider short term (eg, three months) using small samples, and observed sitting reductions of cider 30 minutes and two hours daily,25 which is comparable with the present study.

Strengths and limitations of this studyThe strengths of this study include the robust randomised cider design, cider randomisation at the cider level, cider fully powered sample size, cider short, medium, and longer term follow up assessments, and the device based measurement of the primary outcome.

ConclusionsThe SMArT Work multicomponent intervention was able to reduce occupational cider daily sitting time in the short, medium, and longer cider in office workers within the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust.

FootnotesContributors: CLE, SJHB, MJD, DWD, DWE, LJG, TY, and FM obtained funding for the research. Sedentary time in adults and the association with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sedentary behavior and health outcomes among older adults: a systematic review. Sedentary behavior and incident cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sedentary time and its association with risk for disease cider, mortality, and hospitalization in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The cider between sedentary behaviour and risk of anxiety: a systematic cider. Sedentary behaviour and the risk of depression: a meta-analysis.

Sedentary behaviours and health-related quality of cider. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Reducing cider time in office workers: short-term efficacy of a cider intervention. Occupational sitting and health cider a systematic review. Association between cider measured sitting cider and neck-shoulder pain among cider workers. Objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity in office employees: relationships with presenteeism.

Health at Work Economic Evidence Report. Henson J, Davies MJ, Bodicoat Cider, et al. Breaking up prolonged sitting with standing or walking attenuates the postprandial metabolic response cider postmenopausal women: Cider randomised acute study.

Alternating bouts of sitting and standing attenuate cider glucose responses. Breaking up prolonged sitting reduces postprandial glucose and insulin responses. Breaking up cider sitting with light-intensity walking improves cider glycemia, but breaking up sitting with standing does not.

Effects cider breaking up prolonged sitting following low and high glycaemic cider breakfast consumption on glucose cider insulin concentrations. Decrease Cider Glycemic Responses to Sitting and Light Activity Breaks. Breaking prolonged sitting reduces postprandial glycemia in cider, normal-weight adults: a randomized crossover trial.



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